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Naval Postgraduate School
by Dunscomb, Kenneth D.
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In the Bottom-Up Review conducted in the aftermath of the collapse of the Soviet Union, DOD identified the proliferation of nuclear weapons as the new primary threat to the national security of the U.S. In response to this new threat, the Clinton Administration signaled a shift in emphasis in proliferation policy to include counterproliferation as a major policy goal. This thesis examines proliferation policy from a resource perspective. After a brief history of past U.S. proliferation policy...
Topic: NA
Naval Postgraduate School
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This research analyzes the enrollment growth of the Tuition Assistance (TA) program and the continued decline in enrollment within the Navy College Program for Afloat College Education (NCPACE). NCPACE has provided higher education with alternatives to traditional methods of instruction for Sailors and Marines for over four decades. TA and NCPACE utilize two primary methods of instruction: distance learning (DL) and traditional instructor-led (IL) for their college educations. The research...
Topics: Navy, tuition assistance, TA, Navy College for Afloat College Education, NCPACE, voluntary...
Continuous waveform (CW) polyphase sequences for radar have a much lower power spectral density (PSD) than pulsed signals but can retain the same target detection capability. The use of different phase values or subcodes to modulate the carrier provides a low probability of intercept (LPI) radar waveform which cannot be seen by a non-cooperative intercept receiver (NCIR). Also, it is a low probability of detection (LPD) waveform due to the low PSD. Frequency shift keying (FSK) radar has a...
Topics: Continuous waveform (CW), power spectral density (PSD), non-cooperative intercept receiver (NCIR),...
This thesis presents a comparison and analysis of two Department of Defense (DoD) acquisition methods: the formal acquisition process and the Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration (ACTD). Both processes can be and are used by DoD to acquire information technology (IT), but while DoD has utilized the formal acquisition process for 30 years, the ACTD process is only 6 years old, and was specifically designed to improve upon the standard acquisition process (when applied to IT). By describing...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis compares the detection performance of the 1-1/2 D instantaneous power spectrum (1-1/2 D sub ips), the bispectrum, the instantaneous higher-order moment slice (IHOMS) method, and the spectrogram for multi-component stationary signals, harmonically related stationary signals, and multi-component linear FM signals corrupted by additive white Gaussian noise. In addition, a determination of the relative processing gain between the 1-1/2 D sub ips method and the spectrogram is made for...
Topics: Bispectrum, 1-1/2 D, Higher-order moments, Cumulants
Naval Postgraduate School
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Femtocells are low power base stations that communicate through a licensed spectrum with the intent to improve coverage and performance of voice and broadband services. The Femtocell works through a cellular network provider to enhance cellular portable/mobile devices especially in locations where coverage by cellular systems using large cells is weak and intermittent. The use of smartphones, tablets, and other wireless devices is becoming increasingly prevalent and is driving the need for...
Topics: Femtocell, Wi-Fi, HTTP, VoIP, RTP, Femtocell Base Station, Femtocell Access Point, UMTS, WLAN,...
This thesis examines the development of the measures for evaluating new tactical command and control (C2) systems such as the Combat Vehicle Command and Control System (CVC2). Using those measures it discusses the various techniques available to evaluate CVC2 and recommends the selection of one technique. In order to establish a strong foundation for understanding the needs of a battalion task force C2 system, the systems, processes, procedures, and standards available to the commander are...
Topics: C2, Command and control, CVC2, Evaluation technique
Naval Postgraduate School
by Woodruff, Shamika N.B.
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The United States economy is in a phase of fiscal stress; however, if the rate of spending continues as it has during the last three presidential terms; the United States will soon experience a state of fiscal crisis. The United States must take measures to affect the rate of spending. Since the 1940s, DoD has made trade-offs on the goals and priorities of stakeholders within the systemalso known as acquisition reform. This research makes an assessment on how DoD has implemented the last...
Topics: Acquisition Reform, BBPi, Better Buying Power, DAU, acquisition outcomes, SBIRS, knowledge flow...
Naval Postgraduate School
by Nixon, Roy L.
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Blacks have joined the enlisted ranks of the American military in record numbers since the end of the draft. However, the armed forces are now engaged in the process of downsizing, and there is some speculation that blacks may be disproportionately affected by the reduction-in-force. This study analyzes defense drawdown policies, force demographics, historical trends, and environmental factors in an attempt to determine the overall impact of the proposed cuts in military manpower on persons in...
Topics: Military manpower, Minority accessions
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis is an analysis of flight hour cost variance in the Naval Air Reserve and Fourth Marine Aircraft Wing. The broad objective of the thesis was to identify and analyze factors hypothesized to cause variance in cost per flight hour. An overview of the Naval Air Reserve Force Structure and budgetary organizations is presented. The relatively recent shift in the use and role of reserve forces towards Total Force concept goals is highlighted. An interview process is described in which four...
Topics: Management, Budget., Naval Air Reserve, Flight Hour Program, Cost per Hour, Aviation Depot Level...
Three distinct inlet-side-dump ramjet-combustor geometric configurations were investigated. Non-intrusive watertunnel flow-visualization techniques were utilized to qualitatively determine optimum flame-stabilization dome lengths and fuel-injection locations. The results were in good agreement with the results from previous studies. The optimum dome lengths which provided good fuel distribution and steady mixing all had lengths between 0.31 D and 1.4 D. Fuel injection in a narrow region on the...
Topics: Side dump combustor, Ramjet, Flow-visualization
Naval Postgraduate School
by Ciullo, Dan; deLongpre, Jeff; Mcarthur, Sim; Nowakowski, Jake; Shene, Rich; Taylor, Earvin; White, Roosevelt; Cheng, Po-Yu; Heng, Yinghui; Wong, Chia Sern; Wong, Wai Keat; Phua, Yee Ling; Zlatsin, Philip; Choon, Junwei; Neo, Yong Shern; Lee, Daryl; Chow, Wen Chong; Lee, Guan Hock; Leo, Valentine; Lim, Zhifeng; Sheo, Boon Chew; Soh, Sze Shiang; Teo, Harn Chin
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With conventional weapons nearing their peak capability, the need to identify alternative war fighting solutions suggests a look at Directed Energy Weapons (DEWs). The goal is to change the means by which warfare is conducted to improve operational efficiencies and overall effectiveness. The Naval Postgraduate School Systems Engineering and Analysis (SEA-19B) Capstone project team examined how existing directed energy technologies can provide performance across multiple warfare area domains and...
Topics: Directed Energy, DE, Directed Energy Weapon, DEW, Global Information Network Architecture, GINA,...
The Homeland Security Enterprise (HSE) lacks a process to create a body of knowledge to unify its stakeholders. This thesis asked if a set of rules and an assessment methodology could be applied to three wikis to illustrate how the rules can improve the quality of information-sharing across the HSE. The research for this thesis applied a set of rules and an assessment methodology to case studies testing the hypothesis that wikis are a good example of an enterprise social network (ESN) and could...
Topics: information sharing, crowdsourcing, collective intelligence, wiki, enterprise social network, and...
The use of gallium arsenide (GaAs) logic circuits in high performance computers and digital systems in space applications is desirable due to their high speed and immunity to total dose radiation. Several problem areas must be overcome for more widespread use. First, GaAs MESFETs with short gate lengths are susceptible to single event upsets (SEU) in a high radiation environment and second, GaAs circuits consume relatively large amounts of static power. To overcome the shortcomings of these...
In this thesis, we propose a new software defined network monitoring scheme that provides the controller with a method to determine network states for the purpose of updating flow rules for network control and management. Network centrality and nodal influence metrics derived from the dual basis concept of the graph theory are used to monitor changes in a network. The proposed scheme uses a phantom node and the concept of a reference node to determine changes in these metrics in order to...
Topics: software defined network, graph theory, phantom node, reference node, network monitoring, network...
Naval Postgraduate School
by Lemon, Daniel W.
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There is much debate about how Southeast Asia views China's ascendance on the world stage. Beijing's expanding economic, diplomatic, and military influence has countries in the region concerned about how China will use its new power and influence. Vietnam is particularly concerned, since it shares a border with China and for many centuries was under China's control. Vietnam's experience with China may shed some light on how Southeast Asia is adapting to China's rise. Today, Vietnam finds itself...
Topics: International relations, Communism
Naval Postgraduate School
by Reynolds, James V.; Smith, Craig L.
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Over 100 million tablet computers have been sold in the last three years. They now have the computing power of a state-of-the-art laptop of just a few years ago. This computing power and market saturation allows them to become viable virtual environment (VE) trainers. Tablets have a different set of input modalities and user expectations, which need to be taken into careful consideration when a VE trainer is designed. The authors developed a VE call for fire (CFF) trainer and explored the...
Topics: Virtual environment, mobile, tablet, simulation, training, call-for-fire, window to the world
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis investigated and compared alternative signal processing techniques that used wavelet-based methods instead of traditional frequency domain methods for processing measured electromagnetic pulse (EMP) waveforms. The primary focus of the research was equalization and filtering techniques for processing EMP signals in additive white noise. Signal equalization was conducted at the sub-band level through the use of Infinite Impulse Response (IIR) filters and channel response...
Topics: Signal processing, Digital techniques, Wavelets (Mathematics), Mathematics
This thesis looks beyond the tragic events of 11 March 2004 to uncover the greater Spanish strategic culture that motivates and influences Spain's political elites. By examining the interaction between Spanish conservatives and liberals, discerning the Spanish strategic culture will allow for a greater understanding of the foreign policy implications to both the Spanish-US relationship and Spanish-EU integration after the Madrid bombings. By understanding how Spanish elites make decisions on...
Topics: Madrid Train Bombings, Madrid, Spain, 2004, War on Terrorism, 2001-2009
Naval Postgraduate School
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By measuring network changes, we can get a better understanding of a network. Extending this to the Internet, we are able to understand the constantly occuring changes on an international scale. In this research, we propose a measure that conveys the relative magnitude of the change between two networks (i.e., Internet topology). The measure is normalised and intuitively gives an indication of whether the change is small or large. We start off by applying this measure to standard common graphs,...
Topic: Distance, Dissimilarity between graphs, Symmetric difference, Internet Topology, Egypt/Libya...
Naval Postgraduate School
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For Turkey, Europe was the model for modernization since the era of Kemal Ataturk. Turkey's relations with Europe started with the Ankara agreement and the opening of the custom union. Since then, the country has strived for integration with the community. The Commission rejected Turkey's application in 1989 while stating for the first time that political reasons affected this decision over concerns about the Cyprus issue. The integration of new members highlighted the shift of Europe towards...
Topics: European Union, Turkey, Membership
Naval Postgraduate School
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Terrain classification is studied here using the tool of texture analysis of high-spatial resolution panchromatic imagery. This study analyzes the impact and effectiveness of texture analysis on terrain classification within the Elkhorn Slough Estuary and surrounding farmlands within the central California coastal region. Ikonos panchromatic (1 meter) and multispectral (4 meter) imagery data are examined to determine the impact of adding texture analysis to the standard MSI classification...
Topics: Ikonos, Imagery interpretation, Multispectral, Remote sensing, Scene classification, Texture filters
Naval Postgraduate School
by Toenyes, Shawn E.
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During the Cold War, the United States constructed a nuclear triad, which consists of three components: strategic bombers, intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), and submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs). The triad's mission was to ensure that the U.S. nuclear force would not be crippled or destroyed should an enemy attempt a first strike attack against the United States. This in turn offered a credible threat of a U.S.-launched second strike, enhancing the overall effectiveness...
Topics: triad, deterrence, bombers
Naval Postgraduate School
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The purpose of this project is to explore the early years of paper-procurement and chart the progression to paperless contracting. This will be followed by the Department of Defense's next step to further improve procurement software and user interface. This will be contrasted against the Army's further refinement of their enterprise system that only removes the paper from the otherwise archaic procurement system. The author, a contracting officer whose background includes programming, business...
Topics: Paper-Procurement, Paperless Contracting, Contracting, Procurement, Standard Procurement System...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Faced at the outset with obstacles of the international system of states and of domestic politics, Poland embraced the tasks of accession to NATO. In this effort, no road map existed for what was an unprecedented situation. Thus, Poland had to resolve domestic and international tasks of accession with national means as well as guidance from the alliance and its members. Poland had to structure a new defense policy in an alliance context. The country had to reform the national security...
Because of concerns about possible Merchant Mariner manpower shortages or skill mismatch needed to crew DoD organic vessels during a major contingency, the Maritime Administration (MARAD) has proposed the development of a guaranteed surge pool of experienced inactive mariners available to ensure timely and adequate manning of its Ready Reserve Force (RRF). This pool would be a supplement not a replacement to the current active pool of mariners used to crew the RRF. This initiative is centered...
Naval Postgraduate School
by Kennelly, Kevin G.
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On Europe's periphery lie a number of unresolved conflict and unrecognized states most of which emerged during the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Due to their remote and strategically insignificant nature, they were largely ignored by the West as it peacefully integrated Central and Eastern Europe into the community of liberal democracies. Russia utilized the lack of international concern to prolong the conflicts in Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Transnistria and Nagorno-Karabakh and destabilize...
Topics: International law, National security
Naval Postgraduate School
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A problem for the Navy Supply System is identifying the proper inventory model for managing a Hazardous Material Minimization Center. This thesis analyzes three recently proposed inventory models: two continuous review economic order quantity (EOQ) inventory models and a periodic review inventory model. Based on this analysis, the authors develop both a continuous review EOQ model and a periodic review model for evaluation. These models differ from the previous ones in that they comprise all of...
There are four schools of thought as to who has legal sovereignty over Jerusalem, and this is one of the primary reasons why there has been no resolution to the problem. The first is that there was a vacuum of sovereignty in the wake of British withdrawal, which was filled by Israel after the first Arab-Israeli War and again as a need for self-defense after the 1967 War, the second is the idea that the Palestinians have always held legal sovereignty over Jerusalem and continue to do so today,...
Topics: Israel, Palestine, Jerusalem, Legal Sovereignty
Naval Postgraduate School
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United States Army and Marine Corps ground tactical warfighters find themselves conducting operations across greater distances and with more autonomy from their higher commands than ever before. As their areas of operations become larger in modern conflicts, and distributed operations become more the norm, deficits in the tactical warfighter?s ability to conduct beyond line of sight (BLOS) communications, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR), blue force tracking and situational...
Topics: Situational awareness, Navigation, Artificial satellites, Architecture
Naval Postgraduate School
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Insurgency and irregular war continue to be a prevalent phenomenon in the international system. Fighting irregular wars challenge military doctrine used by established militaries across the developed world. These militaries invariably end up combating insurgencies through train and equip missions, although the adoption of train and equip usually happens after the insurgency has become well established. This thesis examines and analyzes approaches taken by the organized militaries from...
Topics: Afghanistan, Turkey, Colombia, train, equip, insurgency, counterinsurgency, PKK, FARC, mobile...
This thesis addresses the effects of government regulated inflationary controls and measures on family income distributions in Venezuela during the 1980s. The Venezuelan government has instituted many methods of economic intervention during the last decade through exchange rate controls, price controls, tariffs, subsidies, etc., which have had real effects on family income distribution. The effects of these policies on unemployment, nominal wages and salaries, and price variabilities are...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis considers in the influence of culture on strategic decision-making processes in Japan and China. It applies strategic culture and operational code analysis to two historical case studies, Japan in 1941 and China in 1954, and considers primary source documents from both cases. Through this analysis, the thesis assesses the strengths and weaknesses of both research perspectives and develops a composite view of decision-making for both Japan and China. It determines that elements of...
Topics: Culture, Decision making
Naval Postgraduate School
by Henderson, Christopher B.
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The purpose of this thesis is to introduce the concept of having a jointly integrated networking schema to better enhance battlefield communications and the dissemination of information using a smart push/pull concept from the highest commander down to the individual soldier. The concept of having a robust and dynamic network could provide the United States Armed Forces a better way of integrating the individual soldier's performance into higher level units. Current systems in the armed forces...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Law enforcement is often ill-prepared to identify and adopt emerging technologies into its agencies and communities. This ineffectiveness frequently leads to unintended consequences, as well as a technological gap between police departments and the criminal elements. This thesis examines how counterfactual analysis might assist law enforcement organizations to successfully implement emerging technologies into society. A counterfactual thought experiment was conducted using a historical event in...
Topics: Augmented Reality, Boston Marathon, Boston Marathon bombing, counterfactuals, counterfactual...
United States Northern Command (USNORTHCOM) is the geographic combatant command responsible for homeland defense and security. USNORTHCOM conducts Defense Support of Civil Authorities (DSCA) by providing Defense (DoD) capabilities from its land, sea and air component in support of lead federal agencies in response to homeland security threats. DoD intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance capabilities have the potential to improve situational and informational awareness to the homeland...
Topics: National security, United States, Awareness
This report explores the merits of light aircraft carrier (CVL) design implementation in future U.S. Naval Force composition and how set-based design (SBD) can be used to produce the ideal CVL design for a future maritime conflict scenario. The scenario is based on the Naval Postgraduate School’s Maritime War—2030 scenario written by Captain Jeff Kline. The size and expense of Nimitz and Ford class aircraft carriers represent a strategic vulnerability in future maritime conflict. Using...
Topics: light aircraft carrier, Hull Design Optimization, set-based design, mathematical modeling
Steam leakage from an aircraft carrier catapult is sometimes ingested into the aircraft engines upon launch which may induce compressor stall. Investigation of this phenomenon is of particular interest to the Navy with its new F35C, the aircraft carrier variant of the joint strike fighter. The single engine configuration of the F-35C makes this aircraft particularly vunerable to steam-induced stall. The present study examined both throttle-induced stall and steam-induced stall in a compressor...
Topics: Turbulence, Airplanes, Motors, Aircraft carriers, Pressure transducers, Computational fluid...
Local law enforcement agencies play a significant role in domestic counter-terrorism and homeland security. The intelligence function of law enforcement agencies enhances their ability to detect criminal activity related to terror groups, as well as the ability to prevent, or respond to a terrorist attack. This research project identifies policies and procedures that could be implemented by local law enforcement agencies to enhance cooperation and collaboration with other public sector...
Topics: Law enforcement, Terrorism, Prevention, Strategy
Naval Postgraduate School
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Authentication is a fundamental aspect of information security in enabling the authenticity of the source of information to be determined. Among several electronic authentication mechanisms available today, deploying the right authentication mechanism will protect information against its envisaged threat(s) in the designated operating environment. This study attempts to create a taxonomy (classification) for current operational authentication protocols, and show how the taxonomy could help to...
Topics: Computer networks, Security measures, Authentication
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis explores the perceived need or lack of need for an active defense system afloat (e.g., the covert analysis detection [CAD] system) to protect shipboard networks from possible cyber-attacks. As hacking methods evolve, it is likely that nation-states and terrorists will attempt to interfere with or take control of shipboard systems remotely. This thesis builds on the work of previous NPS theses that suggest the Navy consider deploying a CAD system in the Aegis Combat System to secure...
Topics: Covert Analysis Direction System, covert analysis detection, CAD, shipboard networks, cyber attack
The Software Engineering Automation System evolved from the Computer-Aided Prototyping System (CAPS) developed in the late 1980gass and early 1990gass to help software engineers rapidly produce working prototypes for hard realtime embedded systems. As software development methods such as the waterfall and spiral methods evolved the requirement for a system to prototype products became clear. CAPS was able to meet the needs of the software engineer, allowing them to edit theproject, translate...
This research analyzes performance at the U.S. Naval Academy (USNA) and fleet retention of midshipmen who have prior enlisted experience in the Navy and Marine Corps. It is the primary hypothesis of this study that prior enlisted experience provides these midshipmen with values and skills that help them overcome perceived academic deficiencies to be successful at the Naval Academy. Linear and non-linear LOGIT regression models are estimated to analyze the influence of prior enlisted experience...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The Arab Spring protests in 2011 uprooted regimes, challenged authoritarian leaders, and provided protesters new tools for mobilization. The use of social media and the involvement of women in public protests indicated changing protest repertoires and movement demographics in many countries. When women protested in 2011, they mobilized both physically and virtually. Assessing the influence women exert in social movements through social media can provide insights into factors that make a social...
Topics: Egypt, Bahrain, Yemen, Arab Spring, social media, Twitter, social movements, social networking,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This study investigates synoptic scale regimes in the forcing of 25 knot winds at Hickam and Andersen AFB. Ten years of data from January 1996 through December 2005, as well as case studies from June, July and August of 2006 were considered for this study. Days were grouped together to isolate the events of trade wind flow only and to alleviate days where trade wind flow was interrupted by synoptic scale weather events or local weather phenomena. Of the approximately 3,650 days of observations,...
Topics: Winds, Synoptic meteorology
Naval Postgraduate School
by Virk, Naimat H.
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The root causes of the persistence of Islamist terrorism from 1979 through the present age are many and complex. The choosing of a particular timeframe as a reference point indicates the political and religious dimensions of the thesis topic. The research topic is sensitive because of religious and political undertones, and any arbitrary assumptions could lead to the over-simplification of a complex problem. Terrorism in general and violence in the name of religion have serious repercussions...
Topics: Islamist Terrorists, U.S.-led foreign policy, Salafi Creed, governance issues in Islamic World
The purpose of this thesis is to challenge the risk based approach of homeland security practice to elevate the significance of consequence during the Homeland Security risk assessment process. The consequence variable must be afforded an equal to or greater value similar to threat and vulnerability. In doing so, local homeland security policies can be focused towards consequence mitigation when planning and determining how to reduce risk within a designated jurisdiction. Today's emergency...
Topics: Emergency management, United States, Infrastructure (Economics), Security measures
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis analyzes and documents the Army's training development process as it relates to the materiel development of corresponding Army acquisition programs. Training development is a vital necessity for the successful fielding of any new materiel item. The acquisition process in general should not only focus on materiel development management, but on training development management as well. The performance of any weapon system will always be a measure of both how well the equipment is made...
The thesis studies the Israel Defense Forces' (IDF) transformation in the context of the U.S. military transformation. The thesis argues that the uniqueness of the U.S. military transformation does not prevent other militaries from applying the relevant concepts and considers the IDF as a good candidate for such a demonstration. Therefore, the thesis explores the U.S. military transformation as a model to be benefited in the IDF's continuing transformation. The thesis also studies IDF from many...
Topics: National security, Israel, U.S. Military Transformation, Israel Defense Forces, Military Threats to...
Aluminum-lithium alloys have been under development for lightweight - high strength aerospace structures but implementation has been slowed significantly because of poor short transverse fracture toughness and brittle intergranular delamination cracking. The alloy AF/C458 (now designated AA 2099) has been designed to exhibit decreased mechanical anisotropy and improved fracture toughness while maintaining ductility and strength levels. This thesis examines the application of Friction Stir...
Topics: Lithium alloys, Aluminum alloys, Mechanics, Metallurgy, Mechanical engineering
Naval Postgraduate School
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The U.S. government has recently contended that communities cannot be prepared without first ensuring the safety of responders and their families. Organizations have generally done little to nothing to ensure that the families of their responders are adequately prepared to survive and function on their own in the absence of the responder. Consequently, there exists a widespread policy gap concerning family preparedness in the first-responder community. Research indicates that much of the U.S....
Topics: Preparedness, resilience, first responder, government, Delaware State Police, police officer,...
Since 1974 the Aegean Sea has been a topic of much dispute for Greece and Turkey. In spite of many attempts to resolve the problems, the dispute goes on to this day. Over the years it has cost both countries some lives, cost Greece and Turkey politically and economically, and has been a detriment to NATO defense planning and operations. Continued tensions therefore not only hold the potential for disastrous war between two members of the same alliance but also hold the potential to pull other...
Topics: International relations, Greece, Turkey, Aegean Dispute, NATO
Naval Postgraduate School
by Palmer, Jess D.; Stebbins, Mark L.; Zacherl, Andrew M.
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Throughout history great powers have had to wrestle with the problem of maintaining their influence over the world around them. Often these powers were simultaneously faced with more than one opponent. In order to meet multiple challenges, leading nations have had to maximize the number of potential adversaries they could influence with each action or policy. Those faced with this dilemma have included the Romans, Byzantines, and the British Empire. Studying these nations in their struggle to...
In November 1992, the United States withdrew its military forces from facilities in the Republic of the Philippines. The United States must now reassess its commitments, and the means and policies it will employ in protecting and promoting national interests in the post-Cold War era. This thesis examines the author's perceived global national interests of the United States in the post-Cold War era, based upon the Preamble of the United States Constitution. United States national interests...
Topics: United States National Interests, Asia, Americans Overseas, Overseas Investments, United States...
Naval Postgraduate School
by Newman, Lea.
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On any given day, news sources are packed with information on the various negotiations going on throughout the world in an attempt to resolve an ongoing dispute. Typically, nation-states enter into negotiations as a final attempt to resolve their differences in a diplomatic forum rather than resorting to combative retaliation. These negotiations can be protracted and tenuous, especially when the disputing parties come from different cultures. This thesis asserts that all too often, culture is a...
Topics: Negotiation, Cross-cultural studies, Conflict management, Diplomacy, Decision making
The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) has established four major programs for the security of mass transit against terrorism. This thesis examined how these programs can be improved to address the terrorism security needs of the nation's 51 transit agencies in urban areas classified as Tier II. Homegrown terrorism represents a new and changing threat to Tier II regions. The Government Accountability Office (GAO) and The National Research Council (NRC) of the National Academies...
Topics: Civil defense, Transportation, Local transit
Naval Postgraduate School
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A parametric study of a body of revolution is conducted utilizing existing semi-empirical methods for the calculation of hydrodynamic coefficients. The geometry of the body is analyzed in non-dimensional length and volume parameters. The effects of varying the nose, mid-body, and base fractions of the body on the hydrodynamic coefficients are generated and illustrated graphically. Equations for the hydrodynamic coefficients are then determined from the non-dimensional parameters. The results...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Two disadvantages of using Silicon Graphics, Inc. (SGI) computers and SGI's IRIS Performer application programming interface (API) in NPSNET are the current inability to run the graphic simulations on more popular environments, such as personal computer (PC) operating systems, and the increased expense associated with the alternative of choosing graphics specific hardware over lower cost PCs. Work detailed in this thesis addresses these problems by porting the graphics code from NPSNET to...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The author presents a detailed description of the components, architecture, links, and operations of the ORB COMM global messaging and position determination system. ORB COMM is the first commercial venture to offer worldwide personal communications service (PCS) using non-voice-non-geostationary (NVNG) low earth orbit (LEO) satellite technology. Link budget analyses of the system's satellite up and down links are presented. The author analyzes ORB COMM's proprietary multiple access scheme for...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Over the last decade, the Marine Corps has capitalized on the advantages of the Internet by increasingly using the NIPRNET for electronic operations and communications. The Marine Corps wants to further leverage the capabilities of the Internet by moving more applications to the NIPRNET, however, security threats have restricted the type of information that can be exchanged across public networks. The Internet's open design enables message interception, monitoring and forgery; therefore, the...
Training needs assessment (TNA) is utilized effectively as an evaluation tool by organizations in various countries to determine if training is the best solution to their problems. These organizations have benefited greatly by identifying the weak links and finding suitable solutions, thus optimizing their efficiency. The effectiveness and advantage of a TNA evaluation process, however, has been neither properly understood nor implemented in Arab culture. It is felt that organizations in...
Topics: training needs assessments, human resources, TNA, Likert scale analysis, LSA
Naval Postgraduate School
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With the passage of Executive Orders 12902 and 13123, the U.S. Navy has been forced to develop water conservation programs and evaluate how water is used at each of its installations. The central goal of these orders is to reduce potable water consumption at federal facilities. Water reuse and recycling has been listed as a best management practice for achieving this goal. However, only a handful of Navy facilities have implemented water reuse projects to date. One of the reasons for this...
Topic: Water conservation|xLaw and legislation|zUnited States.
To defeat the terrorist threat facing the U.S., the 9/11 Commission recommended a balanced strategy to attack the terrorists and prevent recruitment, while protecting against future attack. A review of the national strategies related to counterterrorism and homeland security shows they do not provide a balanced approach. Specifically, they fail to counter the factors influencing individuals to conduct terrorism. Disruption of the radicalization process, becomes more significant, when,...
Topics: Education, Internet, Terrorism
In the wake of the deteriorating relations between the former Allies of the Second World War, several European countries, the United States of America, and Canada came together to provide for their security and in 1949 formed a unique security alliance, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. In addition to its collective defense function, the creators of NATO also paid attention to community building among the alliance members. After reconciliation with its former enemies, the re-armed Germany...
Topics: NATO, East Asian Community, shared identity, reconciliation
Naval Postgraduate School
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SeaFox is an unmanned surface vehicle (USV) primarily used for maritime security operations. Currently, a remotely operated vision based camera is used to track a particular target whilst the USV approaches the intended target. While the USV is in motion, the hydrodynamic forces and mechanical vibrations makes it difficult for the operator to lock on to the target at all times. This thesis addresses this issue through the development of a self compensated motion controller that uses...
Naval Postgraduate School
by Howe, P. Gardner.
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This thesis explores the nature and dynamics of risks faced by political leaders and military commanders in the conduct of military operations. It develops a systematic approach to analyzing and an effective strategy for minimizing exposure to risks in military operations. This thesis describes a military operation's aggregate risk as the sum of two components: the risk of military failure and the risk of political failure. Each component is shown to be usefully represented as a cost-weighted...
A frame transition problem exists between project Systems Engineers (SE) and Department of Defense (DoD) Program Managers (PM). Systems engineering organizations, operating in a rational frame, must produce systems engineering documents required for the PM operating in a political frame of constrained resources. These artifacts, required for milestone reviews, are the results of extensive technical effort that must be accounted for and adequately resourced during project planning by the PM....
Topics: Risk assessment, Risk, Mathematical models
Syria's devolution into civil war over the last five years has left that country devastated. The conditions there raise several questions about the causes of pronounced socioeconomic stratification between the political elite and the average citizen, which steadily worsened after President Bashar al-Assad came to power in 2000 and eventually resulted in a civil war. This thesis asserts that the Assad regime's implementation of a wide range of liberal economic reforms, under the guidance of the...
Topics: Syria, IMF, economy, economic policies, neoliberal economics, drought, Bashar al-Assad
This thesis presents a simulation and analysis of the Ad Hoc On- Demand Distance Vector Routing Protocol (AODV) for mobile ad hoc network (MANET) environments using the Network Simulator 2 (NS2) tool. AODV is being suggested for possible implementation in the Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS) for the United States military. Utilizing an AODV model resident in NS2, the simulation focuses on key performance parameters that include the packet delivery fraction, routing loss, buffer loss, total...
The marine environment strongly affects the use of naval weapons and sensor systems. The ducting of electromagnetic energy is one of the most important influences in modern systems. The ability to describe the atmosphere is the first step in producing a realistic forecast. This study shows that in the eastern Mediterranean Sea the observed soundings appear to have a systematic error in the lower sections of the mixed layer. This, coupled with the synoptic scale changes in the atmosphere, causes...
Topics: Electromagnetic Energy, Forecasting Eastern Mediteranean Sea, Mixed-Layer, Synoptic Scale, Single...
Naval Postgraduate School
by Brachfeld, Lawrence J.
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Mobile Internet Protocol (IP) is a proposed standard that builds on the current Internet Protocol by making the fact that a user is mobile transparent to applications and higher level protocols such as Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and User Datagram Protocol (UDP). Mobile IP allows mobile computers to send and receive packets addressed with their home network IP address, regardless of the IP address of their current point of attachment on the Internet while maintaining any current...
Leaders of all grades and occupational specialties in the Marine Corps and throughout the military issue operations orders to communicate intended action in tactical environments. Despite advances in communication and mobile computing technology, most leaders in austere environments still create orders with pen and paper and disseminate them verbally or with manual copying. This process is inefficient and error-prone. We propose an Android application, the Tactical Operations Order...
Topics: operations, orders, mobile, application, Android, five paragraph, map, software
Naval Postgraduate School
by Isaak, Richard; Wheeler, Richard
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In 1992 Jones and Bixler (Mission Financing to Realign National Defense, JAI Press) examined different factors (internalities, externalities) within the federal budget process and identified certain tendencies, trends, and relationships in congressional control over defense through the budget process. This study occurred at the end of the Cold War. The national security situation of the United States has been quite different over the past 20 years. Further, the federal budget context has been...
Topics: Budget, Congress, Control, Department of Defense, Hearings, House Armed Services Committee,...
The Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) has been associated with extreme precipitation events in western North America. However, the mechanisms for, and predictability of, these associations are not clear. We have examined the influence of the MJO on North Pacific - North America (NPNA) circulation and precipitation anomalies during the boreal winter. We constructed composites of MJO events during 1979-2005 determined from the Wheeler RMM1/RMM2 index of MJO activity. Our analyses of NPNA anomalies...
Topics: Meteorology, Climatology, Seasons, Madden-Julian oscillation
Naval Postgraduate School
by Ekker, David A.
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Missile Design (MSLDSN) is a toolbox created to be used with The MathWorks' MATLAB® interactive computing environment, version 4.2. MSLDSN provides the missile deSigner with a number of tools to aid in establishing and evaluating missile parameters during the conceptual phase of design. MSLDSN aids the designer in establishing an initial configuration which is then refined using the various missile programs (e.g .• Missile Datcom). MSLDSN is limited to designing solidpropellant- powered,...
Topic: Aerodynamics, Missile Design
The United States Army has struggled to implement the stability operations doctrine of its counterinsurgency strategy in Iraq. Despite the emphasis in national strategic guidance documents and written Army field manuals, stability operations continue to evade the Army as a major priority. This thesis seeks to answer: Why has the Army, as an organization, had such a difficult time implementing stability operations? Additionally, this thesis attempts to determine whether the Army made its best...
Topics: Terrorism, Rehabilitation, Civil rights
Composite materials are involving in engineering applications at a growing speed, due to their stiffer, stronger and lighter properties. This growth requires fast and powerful numerical methods like Boundary Element Method (BEM), and Finite Element Method (FEM). BEM has become popular especially in the last decade due to its advantage of requiring less computation time for the same accuracy. The objective of this study is, by using Boundary Element Method, to examine different shapes of...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The Modular Pebble Bed Reactor is a small high temperature helium cooled reactor that is being considered for both electric power and hydrogen production. Pebble bed reactors are being developed in South Africa, China and the US. To make smaller 120 Mwe reactors economically competitive with larger 1500 Mwe traditional light water reactors changes in the way these plants are built are needed. Economies of production need to be sufficiently large to compete with economies of scale. MIT (Berte)...
Long-awaited immigration reform may become a reality in 2013, as Congress debates the merits of a comprehensive overhaul. The primary criteria for triggering reforms in the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act (S.744), involves demonstrated control of the Southwest border. The debate has been complicated, however, because only a few analysts and not the Department of Homeland Security itself have been able to produce acceptable metrics that illustrate success...
Topics: DHS, Department of Homeland Security, Border Security, Border Patrol, CBP, Customs and Border...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis evaluates the ability of the Xpress-MP software package to solve complex, iterative mathematicalprogramming problems. The impetus is the need to improve solution times for the VEGA software package, which identifies vulnerabilities to terrorist attacks in electric power grids. VEGA employs an iterative, optimizing heuristic, which may need to solve hundreds of related linear programs. This heuristic has been implemented in GAMS (General Algebraic Modeling System), whose...
Topics: Computer networks, Electric power, Software engineering, National security, Terrorism, Linear...
The geometric characteristics of flapping-wing propulsion are studied experimentally through the use of a force balance and a Micro Air Vehicle (MAV) system. The system used is built to duplicate the propulsion system currently on the flying model of the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) MAV model. Experiments are carried out in a low speed wind tunnel to determine the effects of mean separation and plunge amplitude on the flapping wing propulsion system. Additionally, the effects of...
Topics: Airplanes, Wings, Micro-air vehicle, Flapping-wing propulsion, Force balance, Flow visualization
Naval Postgraduate School
by Rutherford, Steven John
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The Seasonal Ice Zone Experiment (SIZEX), conducted in January 1992, was designed as the European Space Agency's ERS-1 synthetic-aperature radar (SAR) validation experiment. The satellite was placed in a three day exact repeat orbit, with ascending and descending passes which crossed the Greenland Sea marginal ice zone. In conjunction with SAR imagery collected by the Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center, the research vessel Hakon Mosby recorded meteorological data on station near the...
Topics: Arctic cyclones, Marginal ice zone, Morphology, SIZEX, ERS-1, SAR, Backscatter
Naval Postgraduate School
by Bergesen, Sean A.
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This thesis explores the concept of Adaptive Joint Force Packaging (AJFP). Provided first is an overview of the concept itself, including the factors behind its development, the manner and scope of its implementation, and the benefits proponents claim it will bring. Also reviewed are the various concerns and criticisms that AJFP has created within the defense establishment. Among those are reservations about the concept's impact on unit integrity and doctrine, the role of the Chairman of the...
Topics: Adaptive Joint Force Packaging, AJFP, USACOM, Forward presence, Non-traditional missions, Joint...
Naval Postgraduate School
by Hwang, J.S.
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A study of the shielded coplanar line (SCPL) is presented. The main goal of this theses is to develop an equivalent circuit model for a typical discontinuity in the SCPL. The formulation is based on Galerkin's method, using Green's function applied in the Fourier transform domain. The impedance (Z sub 0) has been calculated by using a variational method. The propagation constant (betaomega) and effective dielectric constant of the SCPL have been calculated by using a method of moments. The...
Topics: Boundary value problems., A discontinuity study in shielded coplanar line
Naval Postgraduate School
by Huskey, Winnie L.; Hayes, TeddiAnn S.
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In an evolution from academic journal prestige ranking procedures used in economics, marketing, sociology and previous efforts in information systems (IS), this study developed prestige weights for IS journals based on a probability sample of 400 IS facul
Topics: TQM, TQL, survey assessment of TQL knowledge, education, experience and attitude, Naval...
This thesis analyzes whether a capitation-based resource allocation system will provide the incentives necessary to pursue or provide quality, cost- effective care within the Military Medical Department. To answer this question, capitation budgeting and its salient characteristics were defined. Then, the risks and incentives associated with capitation budgeting were compared against other budgetary methods. Subsequently, the civilian sector's experience with prepaid, managed care plans was...
Topics: Capitation budgeting, Managed health care, Health care costs, Cost containment, Health care...
Naval Postgraduate School
by Miller, Jason R.
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The possibility of realizing savings to modernize and recapitalize the US Navy is of great importance to the Department of the Navy (DON). Sea Enterprise is the vehicle for this effort. The DON operates in an increasingly smaller, dangerous, and rapidly changing world. Hence, the Navy and Marine Corps are attempting to change, adapt and transform to meet new threats to the United States in the twenty-first century. This thesis examines the Sea Enterprise Program from its inception in June 2002...
Topics: Organizational change, United States
A major component of the US Army's Future Combat Systems (FCS) will be a fleet of eight different manned ground vehicles (MGV). There are promises that 'advanced automation' will take on many of the tasks formerly performed by soldiers in legacy vehicle systems. However, the current approach to automation design does not relieve the soldier-operator of tasks; rather, it changes the role of the soldiers and the work they must do, often in ways unintended and unanticipated. This thesis proposes a...
Naval Postgraduate School
by Lewis, Samuel W.
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This thesis is the study of the cost associated with expanding the Navy's drug abuse education program as a means of controlling the Navy's drug abuse problem. It focuses on the former Navy Drug and Alcohol Safety Action Program (NADSAP) now the Personal Responsibility and Values Education and Training (PREVENT) course. The thesis asks the questions: What are the characteristics of the Navy's drug population? What are the costs/benefits of the Navy's Level III rehabilitation program? What are...
Topics: Drugs, PREVENT, Navy, Military
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis analyses the Naval Reserve Force Oliver Hazard Perry class (FFG-7) guided missile frigates. It assesses the cost-effectiveness of operating these ships in the Naval Reserve fleet vice the Active fleet. The study begins with a brief history of the Naval Reserve Force (NRF) and outlines its current role and mission. A cost identification and comparison of operating the FFGs in each fleet follows. To capture all of the relevant costs, this comparison is based on a model developed by...
Topic: NA
The delivery of supply in combat operations is very important and often results in success or failure of a mission. This activity, as well as other transportation problems, has traditionally been modeled using global optimization techniques, such as linear programming. However, the goal of this thesis is to examine the feasibility of an agent-based solution to study the movement of material through a road network. The requirement is to build an agent-based system that finds the optimal route...
Topics: Transportation, Military, United States, Logistics, Adaptive computing systems, Complex adaptive...
Naval Postgraduate School
by Riley, Francis Clair
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The paper considers the problem of optimally allocating advertising funds from a game theory point of view. Two basic models are presented and then expanded upon. These models are simply structured having originated from work done on the Colonel Blotto Game in the early 1950's. A prime objective of the paper is to briefly review representative examples of work previously done in this area and indicate the possible direction of future research. One of the more interesting extensions of the basic...
Topic: ADVERTISING
This thesis compares two alternative measures of recruit market potential: Production-Weighted Qualified Military Available (PQMA) and High- Quality Qualified Military Available and Interested (HQ QMJ). The services rely on estimates of market potential to allocate recruiting resources efficiently and establish enlistment goals. Using 1990 accession data, regression and correlation analysis were used to determine the relationship between accessions and estimated market potential for both all...
Topics: Recruiting, Recruit market, Qualified military available, QMA, PQMA, HQ QMJ
Naval Postgraduate School
by Archer, Scott L.; Walker, John D.
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The study analyzes the performance of the Navy's Overseas Screening Policy for 1989, with specific emphasis on determining how many personnel were returned to the U.S. prior to the end of their tour. Overseas screening in its present form is the result of 16 years worth of development. the purpose of screening is to avoid sending members overseas with problems that cannot be handled by the overseas command. The data collected for this thesis included information on personnel incarcerated...
Topics: Sailors, Soldiers, Medical care
Naval Postgraduate School
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The Department of Defense continues to aggressively pursue A-76 competitive sourcing targets set by the Office of Management and Budget. As more A-76 acquisitions are processed, it is imperative that these studies are conducted fairly and efficiently. Legal challenges to A-76 actions disrupt the process and have a negative impact on the organizations and people undergoing study. Historically, industry has successfully protested a high percentage of A-76 procurements. This thesis examines...
Topics: Public contracts, United States
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis deals with a simulation of a missile versus target engagement scenario. After driving simplified transfer functions for the missile seeker head, missile autopilot, missile dynamics, and target dynamics, a three dimensional simulation is developed using classical proportional navigation. The scenario is simulated using state variable design. A forward time solution of the two dimensional problem is developed which is converted to an adjoint model. The adjoint model is used to...
Topics: Guided missiles, Transfer functions, Dynamics, Time, Proportional navigation, Antiaircraft...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis presents a personal-computer model which can be used for comparison of vendor proposals for hardware items. It calculates the expected (or average) total annual costs associated with ordering, holding, backordering as well as the procurement c
Topics: RAMP, Acquisition, Bid evaluation
Naval Postgraduate School
by Mwazighe, Charles Lenjo
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Terrorism remains a major threat to Kenyas national-security interests. However, efforts to combat the menace are hampered by an insufficient legal framework. Previously, terrorism-related offenses were primarily handled under the provisions of the penal code, with the result that offenders received lenient sentences or even were acquitted. On the other hand, efforts to formulate specific counterterrorism legislation in the past were met with criticism from human-rights bodies, the clergy,...
Topics: The Republic of Kenya, Terrorism, Counterterrorism, Legislation, Civil liberties, Criminal justice...
100 m/s). Low voltage electrical contact was not maintained for some experimental shots and non-parallel rails were the suspected cause. In this thesis, we used a non-contact capacitive sensor to determine rail spacing to within 2/kAcm10mael, so that the rails will be parallel within small tolerances. Several rails were used in these experiments: 75-25 copper-tungsten, chromium-plated 75-25 Cu-W, and chromium-plated pure copper rails. Improving the control of rail spacing and parallelity did...
Topics: Electric contacts, Rail gun, Low voltage electrical contact, Non-contact capacitive sensor, Hard...
Increasing budgetary constraints have prompted actions to reduce the maintenance cost of current naval aircraft. This thesis examines the Aircraft Engine Component Improvement Program (CIP), its impact on these cost at the organizational and intermediate levels of maintenance, and savings from these improvements. The objectives of the research were to identify current life cycle cost (LCC) models used by the Navy andor the other services to determine CIP benefits, to validate on-going...
Topics: Airplanes, Military, United States, Design and construction, Cost, Aircraft engine cost, lifecycle...